Rhinosinusitis is an Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose and paranasal sinuses. The sinuses are normally filled with air, but when they are blocked and filled with fluid, germs (like bacteria, viruses, fungi) can grow and cause an infection.
Rhinosinuitis is actually the more accurate term for what is commonly called sinusitis. Many experts have adopted the term rhinosinusitis, since it is more precise and there is hardly a case of sinusitis without the rhinitis. However, experts agree that Rhinosinusitis and sinusitis may be used interchangeably since rhinosinusitis is still a fairly new term.
This condition occurs from a sinus blockage, which can happen due to the common cold, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, or a deviated septum. There are four different types of rhinosinuitis one can experience: acute, subacute, chronic, and recurrent.
Acute Rhinosinuitis Symptoms
Acute and subacute rhinosinuitis are cases that last roughly four weeks, or at the most eight weeks. Some of the symptoms that may occur with these types of rhinosinuitis include:
Recurrent rhinosinusitis is when a person repeatedly and frequently gets sinus infections. The symptoms are the same as outlined above for acute, subacute, and chronic rhinosinusitis.
Most rhinosinusitis treatments include taking antibiotics, antihistamines, or decongestants. These treatments should be taken for just a short period of time because the overuse of antihistamines or decongestants can be harmful, and sometimes create even stronger sinus headaches.
For cases of chronic or recurrent rhinosinusitis, surgery like balloon sinuplasty may be considered.Balloon Sinuplasty is a minimally invasive in-office procedure that most patients describe as little to no discomfort. Since this procedure is much less invasive than traditional sinus surgeries, patients generally have a quick recovery time of just 1-2 days after the procedure.